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आज हम आक्टिव(Active) और पॅसिव(passive) वाय्स(voice) के बारे मे जानेंगे.
कोई भी वाक़्या(sentence) तीन चीज़ों से मिलकर बनता है
Subject + verb + object.
जब हम सिंपल(Simple) सेंटेन्स(sentence) यूज़(use) करते है तो वो आक्टिव वाय्स(Active voice) होता है
लेकिन जब हम सेंटेन्स(sentence) को रिवर्स यूज़ करते है तो वो पॅसिव वाय्स(passive voice) होता है
Active Voice :
We will start from Active voice, because it is simple.
हम active voice से शुरू करेंगे क्यू की ये ईज़ी है
In an active sentence, the subject is doing the Action.
Active वाक़्या मे Subject , Action को perform करता है
A simple and straight forward example is :
एक आसान Example लेते है
चंदन . सारा से प्यार करता है
Chandan Loves Sara.
Note :In active Voice the sentence will follow the simple english grammar rule which is
Subject + Verb + Object OR SVO. here "chandan" is the subject and he is doing the action that he "loves" Sara.
and the thing receiving the action is the object.
Passive Voice :
In Passive voice, the target of action get Promoted to the subject position.
Note :In passive voice , Subject and object will change their positions Active Voice मे सब्जेक्ट(Subject) और ऑब्जेक्ट(Object) अपने स्थान को बदल लेते है
and object will take the place of Subject & become subject and subject will take the place of object & become object.
Instead of saying, "Chandan Loves Sara" , i would say
Sara is Loved by Chandan
और पॅसिव वाय्स मे, चंदन सारा से प्यार करता है को सारा, चंदन के द्वारा प्यार की जाती है ऐसा कहेंगे
Another Example :
|Alina Washes the plates |
Here Alina(Subject doing Action), washes(Verb), the plates(object receiving action)
|The Plates are washed by Alina|
Verbs in Active passive:
|Tense||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
Reena Cleans the house
|is, am, are & third form of verb|
The house is cleaned by Reena
Riya is writing the letter.Example :
|is, am, are||is being, am being, are being & third form of verb|
The letter is being written by Riya
|has , have|
Many tourists have visited the TajMahal.
|has been, have been & third form of verb|
The Tajmahal has been visited by many tourists.
|Present perfect continuous|
|has been, have been|
John has been doing the work
|has been being, have been being & third form of verb|
The work has been being done by John.
Ali repaired the car.
|was, were & third form of verb|
the car was repaired by Ali
The salesman was selling the goods to the customer
|was being, were being & third form of verb|
The goods was being sold by the salesman to the customers
George had repaired many cars
|had been & third form of verb|
Many cars had been repaired by George
Past Perfect Continuous
|had been |
Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years
|had been being & third form of verb|
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Jones for two years
|will , shall|
I will finish the work
Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
|will be, shall be & third form of verb|
The work will be finished by me
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
|will be, shall be|
Nalini will be washing the plates
|will be being, shall be being & third form of verb|
The plates will be being washed by Nalini
|will have, shall have|
They will have completed the project
|will have been, shall have been & third form of verb|
The project will have been completed by them
Future Perfect Continuous
|will have been, shall have been|
The famous artist will have been painting the mural for six months
|will have been being, shall have been being & third form of verb|
The mural will have been being painted by famous artist for six months.