Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Active and Passive voice in Hindi

What is Active & passive voice ?

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आज हम आक्टिव(Active) और पॅसिव(passive) वाय्स(voice) के बारे मे जानेंगे.
कोई भी वाक़्या(sentence) तीन चीज़ों से मिलकर बनता है

Subject + verb + object.

जब हम सिंपल(Simple) सेंटेन्स(sentence) यूज़(use) करते है तो वो आक्टिव वाय्स(Active voice) होता है
लेकिन जब हम सेंटेन्स(sentence) को रिवर्स यूज़ करते है तो वो पॅसिव वाय्स(passive voice) होता है


Active Voice :
We will start from Active voice, because it is simple.
हम active voice से शुरू करेंगे क्यू की ये ईज़ी है
In an active sentence, the subject is doing the Action.
Active वाक़्या मे Subject , Action को perform करता है
A simple and straight forward example is :
एक आसान Example लेते है

चंदन . सारा से प्यार करता है
Chandan Loves Sara.
Note :In active Voice the sentence will follow the simple english grammar rule which is
Subject + Verb + Object OR SVO. here "chandan" is the subject and he is doing the action that he "loves" Sara.
and the thing receiving the action is the object.


Passive Voice :
In Passive voice, the target of action get Promoted to the subject position.
Note :In passive voice , Subject and object will change their positions Active Voice मे सब्जेक्ट(Subject) और ऑब्जेक्ट(Object) अपने स्थान को बदल लेते है
and object will take the place of Subject & become subject and subject will take the place of object & become object.

Instead of saying, "Chandan Loves Sara" , i would say

Sara is Loved by Chandan
और पॅसिव वाय्स मे, चंदन सारा से प्यार करता है को सारा, चंदन के द्वारा प्यार की जाती है ऐसा कहेंगे
Another Example :

Alina Washes the plates
Here Alina(Subject doing Action), washes(Verb), the plates(object receiving action)
The Plates are washed by Alina


Verbs in Active passive:

TenseActive VoicePassive Voice
Present Simple/indefinite
Example :
s,es,do, does
Reena Cleans the house
is, am, are & third form of verb
The house is cleaned by Reena
Present Continuous
Riya is writing the letter.Example :
is, am, are
is being, am being, are being & third form of verb
The letter is being written by Riya
Present Perfect
Example :
has , have
Many tourists have visited the TajMahal.
has been, have been & third form of verb
The Tajmahal has been visited by many tourists.
Present perfect continuous
Example :
has been, have been
John has been doing the work
has been being, have been being & third form of verb
The work has been being done by John.

Past SimpleTense
Example :
did
Ali repaired the car.
was, were & third form of verb
the car was repaired by Ali

Past Continuous
Example :
was, were
The salesman was selling the goods to the customer
was being, were being & third form of verb
The goods was being sold by the salesman to the customers

Past perfect
Example :
had
George had repaired many cars
had been & third form of verb
Many cars had been repaired by George

Past Perfect Continuous
Example :
had been
Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years
had been being & third form of verb
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Jones for two years

Future Simple
Example :
will , shall
I will finish the work
Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
will be, shall be & third form of verb
The work will be finished by me
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.

Future Continuous
Example :
will be, shall be
Nalini will be washing the plates
will be being, shall be being & third form of verb
The plates will be being washed by Nalini

Future Perfect
Example :
will have, shall have
They will have completed the project
will have been, shall have been & third form of verb
The project will have been completed by them

Future Perfect Continuous
Example :
will have been, shall have been
The famous artist will have been painting the mural for six months
will have been being, shall have been being & third form of verb
The mural will have been being painted by famous artist for six months.


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Active passive Voice tutorials, Learn Active & passive voice in hindi, Example of active & passive voice, How to convert Active voice to passive voice

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