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Sunday, 1 July 2018

How to perform upload operation in selenium

How to upload the file using selenium

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Hello Friends, In this tutorial we will learn how to perform upload operation in selenium.
We can perform the upload operation in selenium by two ways :
1). First by SendKeys() method.
2). Second by using the robot class.
First Method :
Precondition : Element should be input and type should be "file", as shown below :



Now we just need to locate the element and just use the method sendKeys() and in sendKeys() method we will pass the path of that file.
Syntax :-
driver.findElement(By.xpath("path of element")).sendKeys("path on file");

Here is sample code :-

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class Uploadfile
{
WebDriver driver;
@BeforeTest
public void g() throws InterruptedException
{
System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Users\\cchauhan\\Downloads\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe");
driver = new ChromeDriver();
/*FirefoxOptions foptions = new FirefoxOptions();
foptions.setCapability("marionette", false);
driver = new FirefoxDriver(foptions);*/
driver.manage().window().maximize();
driver.navigate().to("http://www.way2testing.com/p/this-webpage-is-designed-for-selenium.html");
Thread.sleep(3000);
}
@Test
public void h()
{
//Remember element should be input and type should be "file"
driver.findElement(By.xpath(".//*[@id='post-body-2064404811754288590']/form[1]/input[1]")).sendKeys("C:\\Users\\cchauhan\\Desktop\\wallpaper.png");
}
}





Second Method : By using Robot Class:-
What is Robot class ?
"Basically robot class will simulate the Keyboard and mouse actions."
Steps :-
1). First Copy the file path.
2).Paste the file path in popup window
3).Press Enter button.

by robot class we can perform CTRL + C operation by below methods as :-
StringSelection ss = new StringSelection("C:\\Users\\cchauhan\\Desktop\\wallpaper.png");
Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getSystemClipboard().setContents(ss, null);

by robot class we can perform CTRL + V operation as below :-
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_CONTROL);
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_V);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_CONTROL);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_V);



by robot class we can press enter key as below :-
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);

Here is sample code :-

import java.awt.AWTException;
import java.awt.Robot;
import java.awt.Toolkit;
import java.awt.datatransfer.StringSelection;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
public class Uploadfile
{
WebDriver driver;
@BeforeTest
public void g() throws InterruptedException
{
System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Users\\cchauhan\\Downloads\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe");
driver = new ChromeDriver();
/*FirefoxOptions foptions = new FirefoxOptions();
foptions.setCapability("marionette", false);
driver = new FirefoxDriver(foptions);*/
driver.manage().window().maximize();
driver.navigate().to("http://www.way2testing.com/p/this-webpage-is-designed-for-selenium.html");
Thread.sleep(3000);
}
@Test
public void h() throws AWTException
{
driver.findElement(By.xpath(".//*[@id='post-body-2064404811754288590']/form[1]/input[1]")).click();
Robot robot = new Robot();
robot.setAutoDelay(2000);
StringSelection ss = new StringSelection("C:\\Users\\cchauhan\\Desktop\\wallpaper.png");
Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getSystemClipboard().setContents(ss, null);
robot.setAutoDelay(2000);
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_CONTROL);
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_V);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_CONTROL);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_V);
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
}
}



TAGS :-

How to perform control + c operation in selenium

How to upload a file in selenium

Example to upload a file in selenium

upload a file in selenium using robot class

upload a file in selenium using sendkeys methods

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