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Wednesday 4 October 2017

Review and Bug Life Cycle

What is review?

Reviews are part of static testing, where tester are required to check/verify the documents like test case, RTM, test plan etc.

Kinds to review :

Walk Through : Not a formal process, led by author generally done for higher level document requirement Specification etc.

Inspection : Most formal review done by trained moderator

Informal Review : documents are prepared and checked thoroughly by the reviewers before the meeting & It involves peers to examine the product Formal/Technical Review : Done by the development team to technically verify the documents.

Roles & responsibility in a Review :

The Moderator : Review lead by moderator & his role is to determine the type of review, approach and the composition of review team. The Author : As the writer of the ‘document under review’, the author’s basic goal should be to learn as much as possible with regard to improving the quality of the document.
The Scribe/Recorder : he is responsible to record the bulletined points in review along with defect, feedback & suggestions. The reviewer : The role of the reviewers is to check defects and further improvements in accordance to the business specifications, standards and domain knowledge.

What are different phases of formal review?

Formal review process have below phases :

Review meeting

Note : In Some organization informal review is termed as Peer Review, where review is done inside the team by team member & generally it is done without any documentation.
Organization which follow review process also have checklist for review sheet with below point :

> Major functionalities are covered in test cases with high priority.

> GUI featured are covered properly.

> Test case document follow the organization approved document format & structure.

> Test steps are suitable to achieve the objective/Scenario.

Bug life cycle/Defect life cycle :

This cycle explain the life of a bug/defect which was found during testing.
As Diagram says it have different phases :

Defect Found : Potential defect that is raised and yet to be validated.
Verification : Now this bug will be inspected by lead & try to replicate it & it have two outcomes :
a: Rejected : If this is not a bug &; it is FAD (Functioning as designed) also it will be closed.
b: Open : Bug can be replicated successfully.
Assigned : If Bug is valid then it will be assigned to associative developer & status of bug will be assigned.
Fixed : Associated devfeloper will work on it & fix it and after that status will be fixed.
QA Verification/To Be verified : Here QA team/associated tester will RETEST the bug & again two out come will come
a : Verified/Closed : If bug is fixed then tester will pass it & status will become passed & bug will be closed.
b : RE-OPEN : If bug is still exist & test is able to replicate it then bug will be failed by tester & its status will become Assign.
END : Bug life cycle will end here and document will be updated with build number i.e Build x1.0 has four bugs & they are fixed.

There are some more status of bug :
Deffered : if bug is valid and it will be fixed in next further Iteration/Release then it will be marked with status deffered.
Deployed to QA : Bug has been fixed & deployed to QA environment & waiting for tester to Re-test it.
Ready to Release : Now bug is passed by tester & build is ready to release with fixed bug.

What is severity & priority ?

Bugs can be majored with two parameter :-
Severity : It defines the impact that a given defect has on system in other word "How much bug is serious with respect to the functionality."
Severity Types : Critical , Major, Moderate, Minor, Cosmetic
Priority : Priority defines the order in which bug/defect should be resolved. should we fix it now or can it wait?
Priority Types : Low, Medium & High.
Priority in Jira : High, Low & Medium
Severity in jira :
4-Very High
3- High
2- Medium
1- Low

Examples of high severity & high priority :

Master data can not be created when user click on "Create" button application get crashed.

An error on basic functionality, which prevent user to use the application.

Example of high severity & low priority :

A job can be done by n number of ways but out of n , one is not working also this is not much more used by users.

(Email CRM : , User can send the email by method A, B, C....except C all are working & method C is very rarely used by user)

Example of low severity & High priority :

There is no validation message for wrong input although at last application will not submit the data.

Example of low severity & low priority :

Any cosmetic or spelling or grammatical error

What is Software Testing ???

What is manual testing ?

What is Smoke testing ?

What is Test Cases ?

How to write the test cases?

When to start test case execution ?

Test Management tools

How much negative test cases should write?

What is Retesting?

Exploratory Testing?

Regression Testing?

What is Ad-hoc Testing?

What is Unit testing?

What is Sanity Testing?

Difference between smoke and sanity testing

Types of Software Testing

What is review?

Kinds to review :

What is Formal review?

What is technical review :

Phases of review ?

What is peer review?

Bug life cycle in software testing?

what is severity & priority?

Example of high severity and high priority ?

Example of high severity and low priority?

Example of low severity and high priority

Example of low severity and low priority

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